Lunar regolith—dust, soil, broken rock and related materials found on the moon's surface—actually consists of between 40-45 percent oxygen.
U.K. Astronomer Royal Martin Rees proposes that "post-humans" could one day transition into becoming "fully inorganic intelligences"
"We are able to make measurements today that were just not possible during the years of the Apollo program," a NASA scientist said.
The building was constructed as a facility to quarantine astronauts and the material they brought back from the moon during the Apollo program.
For the study, scientists recreated the extreme pressure and temperature of the moon's interior in the laboratory.
Full moons are an astronomical phenomenon that occur roughly once a month when the Earth is positioned between the sun and the moon.
All three of the space rocks are classified as Near-Earth Objects (NEOs)—a term which refers to any asteroid or comet whose orbit takes it within 121 million miles of the sun.
On this day, half a century ago, astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins took off aboard a Saturn V rocket from Launch Pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, headed for the moon.
Full moons are an astronomical phenomenon which occur around once a month, when the Earth is positioned between the sun and the moon.
NASA is hosting a variety of events which will be televised on the space agency's own TV channel to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first moon landing.
Settlements on the moon where astronauts will live permanently or semi-permanently are closer to becoming a reality than ever before.
If everything goes to plan, the Chandrayaan-2 mission would make India the fourth nation to complete a soft landing on the moon.
Russian space agency Roscosmos has said that it wants to establish a lunar base by 2040 as part of a three-stage program.
Total solar eclipses occur when the Moon passes directly between the Sun and the Earth, casting a shadow over certain parts of the planet.
The full moon on Sunday will also coincide with Jupiter appearing particularly bright and large in the night sky.
Mark Sirangelo was appointed special assistant to NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine in April.
The space agency investigates new ways to grow plants in space to offer astronauts an alternative to processed food during long missions.
"The formation of the moon and the origin of Earth's water are two of the fundamental open questions in cosmo-chemistry," said the lead author of a new study.
Scientists have long been puzzled by the asymmetrical nature of the moon's two hemispheres.
The space agency is hoping to put the first woman on the lunar surface by 2024.
"Mars is waiting to be discovered, not by clever robots and rovers, but by living, breathing, walking, talking, caring and daring men and women," the ex-astronaut wrote.
Chang'e 4 is the first spacecraft to successfully land on the far side of the moon.
The Chang'e-4 lander touched down on the moon on January 3.
Retired NASA astronaut Bill Anders also said that sending humans to Mars was a "stupid" idea.
The Russian space agency Roscosmos has announced ambitious plans to establish a long-term base on the moon.
The space agency was making preparations for the launch of its next-generation Space Launch System.