Skull discovered in a cave in Southern Greece has been identified as Homo sapiens.
Study suggests weakening of the field resulted in reduced protection from UV rays, leading to mammalian extinctions on Earth.
Previous estimates based on DNA analysis suggest the two species diverged between 300,000 and 500,000 years ago.
Researchers studied the remains of Neanderthals found in a cave in southeastern France.
Researchers asked javelin athletes to try out replicas of 300,000-year-old weapons.
Providing healthcare was a fundamental collaborative survival strategy for Neanderthals, according to researchers.
The research shows our ancient cousins were "no dummies," one scientist said.
Neanderthals aren't the only ancient people that have left traces in our modern DNA.
Scientists aren't sure when the human lineage became "behaviorally modern."
"We are now able to understand much more of their everyday toolkit."
This new evidence will result in "a far more sophisticated appreciation" of our evolution.
It's gooey, but nutritious.
Archaeologists made the discovery after digging up new regions in Spain.
The world now has its second ever high-quality Neanderthal genome.
What's your Neanderthal quotient?
Scientists believe 400,000-year-old skull fragment uncovered in Portugal is a member of the homo genus, related to humans.
Our ancestors shared many genetic traits related to conditions of the immune system and skin, as well as psychological issues.
Recent research into Spanish skulls suggests that Neanderthals evolved gradually