The two leaders share hugs and handshakes, heaping praise on the Russian military campaign supporting the regime, despite allegations of civilian deaths.
The 2,000-year-old Lion of al-Lat statue is a symbol of peace, but its restoration is only a reprieve from the death and destruction Palmyra has witnessed.
The administration understands Bashar al-Assad's utter subordination to Iran for the sake of Hezbollah.
Eighteen Russian citizens fighting alongside Syrian government forces have been killed since January 29.
Moscow has already ordered more than 10,000 medals for the conflict.
The group also destroyed the tetrapylon, a cubic-shaped ancient Roman monument.
The calendar is dedicated to Russia's troops and features young Syrian women with puns and quotes such as "The fate of my Palmyra is in your hands."
The Russian president said control of Palmyra is "purely symbolic."
So far, the Syrian regime has largely avoided fighting ISIS, preferring instead a live-and-let-live strategy and, at times, even coordinating with it.
Famous conductor leads the Mariinsky Symphony Orchestra in concert at city's Roman Theater.
Before and after images of key landmarks razed by ISIS in Palmyra.
Directorate of Syrian Antiquities shows damage to city's museum and the Temple of Bel.
A Russian-backed offensive drove ISIS out of the ancient city over the weekend.