Scientists used buckets to scoop out methane bubbles from a spot in the Arctic sea.
The researchers were able to scoop the bubbling water out of the sea with buckets.
Phillip Williamson, lead author for the ocean chapter of the report, told Newsweek: "Our planet won't be the same again."
"We saw that microbial communities respond quite rapidly—within four or five years—to even modest levels of warming," said an author of the study.
Four million people living in the Arctic permafrost area will be affected by damage to infrastructure.
Thawing permafrost is releasing more carbon dioxide than previously thought.
The permafrost beneath certain lakes is thawing rapidly, which will release a significant amount of methane into the atmosphere.
The foal was discovered in the ice of Siberia's "mouth of hell."
While the finding could have exciting implications for many scientific fields, the thawing of permafrost may not be good news for humankind.
If the Arctic permafrost melts, greenhouse gasses equivalent to burning all of the world's forests two-and-a-half times over could be released.
"There would be no environmental problem if everything remained frozen, but we know the Earth is getting warmer."
The tomb appears to be both the oldest and largest of its kind ever recorded in southern Siberia.
Thawing permafrost in the city of Bethel is wreaking havoc on the local landscape.
Robust model shows for every one degree Celsius warming, 4 million square kilometers would be lost.
The effects of climate change are raising temperatures in the Arctic faster than anywhere else, posing a threat to structures as foundations disintegrate.
It's a vicious cycle: As the weather warms, the Earth's permafrost is melting, releasing greenhouse gases that are going to make the planet even hotter.