Governor Butch Otter announced Idaho will not investigate Planned Parenthood over a series of videos that allegedly show Planned Parenthood officials discussing the sale of fetal tissue.
The GOP presidential candidate recently said there's "nothing that can't be done without fetal tissue."
Some Republicans are challenging their leaders to close down the government if Planned Parenthood is not defunded.
The legislation received 53 out of 60 needed votes, with 46 voting against.
The Senate plans to hold a procedural vote on Monday on a Republican proposal to cut off funds.
Planned Parenthood facilities in the state did not violate any laws, the investigation found.
If tissue from aborted fetuses might help medical progress, what's the problem?
The libertarian is assuming a role he hasn't been known for in the past.
On the other hand, abortion rates are up 12 percent in Louisiana, where laws have been passed to limit access to the procedure.
A new pilot program from Planned Parenthood allows patients to receive online consultations and medications delivered to their homes.
Anti-abortion campaigners use a rare, veto-proof tactic to turn the clock back on women's health care.