The young volcano was discovered near Japan's Marcus Island and last erupted less than three million years ago.
When exactly plate tectonics emerged and how it has evolved through time are two of the most significant and hotly debated questions in Earth sciences today.
Discovery could help our understanding of how and when the magnetic field was turned on.
The discovery could have significant implications in the search for signs of past life on the Red Planet.
The supercontinent Pangaea likely lasted longer than we think.
If you live in Berkeley, Oakland, Fremont, Hayward or anywhere nearby, be prepared.
The mythical land first mentioned by Plato has stirred imaginations ever since.
"What we've done is mapped out where it's a peanut butter sandwich and where it's a jelly sandwich."
Molten rock deep below Earth's surface could have been crucial to life taking off.
Giant global networks of rift valleys had an impact way above the surface of the Earth.