The subjective experience of consciousness and associated psychological processes—thoughts, beliefs, ideas, intentions and more—are products of non-conscious processes, researchers say.
Explaining consciousness is one of the hardest problems in science and philosophy.
Twenty-five percent of the students surveyed showed clinically significant levels of stress.
MDMA-assisted psychotherapy has previously shown promise in the treatment of a variety of conditions ranging from post-traumatic stress disorder to depression and alcohol addiction.
Our canine pals' cognitive abilities were overstated, researchers said.
Psilocybin is increasingly being recognized by scientists as potentially effective treatments for a number of psychological disorders, such as addiction and depression.
The results could have implications for the development of treatments for destructive and risky behaviors in humans.
Researchers were surprised to find the trait appeared to be a bigger determining factor than age and race.
There also appears to be little benefit in being extremely attractive over simply being very attractive in the eyes of a typical potential partner.
Researchers tested people with photos of genuine and fake emotions to find out if those with psychopathic traits could tell the difference.
The parasite infects a staggering 30-50% of the world's population.
Although people claimed to remember events from infancy and toddlerhood, scientists widely believe earliest memories stem from roughly 3 to 3 and a half years of age.
Such a technique could one day be used in high-risk individuals as an intervention to reduce the risk of committing violent acts.
Mantras like "Find your passion" make pursuing interests sound too rigid and unattainable, according to psychologists at Stanford University.
"We are far from being rational decision-makers."