Analysis suggests climate instability may have played a role in the civilization's downfall.
The first year of rule was the deadliest for Roman emperors. The risk of meeting a violent end decreased over the next seven years, plateauing and then increasing again after 12 years.
Researchers also found three almost intact World War II wrecks, including two ships and a plane.
The rare discovery of preserved wood was found during the construction of a subway line in 2014.
The pottery shards—known as ostraca—are like the "post-it notes of antiquity," according to scholar Chris Rollston.
It's not clear what the relationship between the two individuals was, but researchers speculate they could have been soldiers, relatives or even lovers.
Researchers studied garbage in the ancient city of Elusa.
The Longobards were a barbarian people who invaded and ruled over large parts of Italy for more than 200 years after the fall of Rome.
The coins could be worth millions of dollars.
The mosaic's multicolored patterns were painstakingly composed of tiny stones—about 3,000 of them per square foot.
"It's probably the single most important object that we found."
There may have been antimony lurking in the Roman town's water.
The study found that warming on this scale is "unprecedented" and the result of human influence.
There are many classical precedents for current anti-immigrant and anti-foreigner fervor.
Jesus's death on the cross, though a singular event for Christians, was just one example of the Roman Empire's many gruesome, grisly and public tools of torture.
The bust, funded by the Cossack community, will be mounted in St Petersburg in May.
As jihadis use cultural vandalism as a weapon of war, fears are increasing for the country's Greco-Roman heritage.