Recent events highlight that the relationship between Presidents Erdogan and Putin is transactional, and that Washington and Ankara still share the same historic rival.
Despite holding opposing views on NATO and the Syrian war, Russia and Turkey held joint naval exercises in the Black Sea, where military drills have already heightened tensions.
Turkey summoned Russia's envoy after a Turkish border guard was killed by sniper fire coming from a Kurdish-held part of northwestern Syria, where Moscow was active.
The Turkish president phoned his Russian counterpart and the pair discussed bilateral ties.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan is set to meet Vladimir Putin in an "historic" visit.
A state poll finds that Russians are feeling less lenient toward Turkey.
Ruling party deputy chairman said the pilot could have avoided downing the Russian Su-24.
Russia's campaign in Syria has convinced Turkey to seek friends elsewhere.
The military exercise was the second in less than a month between the two.
The Russian President made the comments during a live broadcast of his state of the nation address
A day after Putin accused Turkey of trading with ISIS, Turkey makes same claims of Russia
Neither the 'Turkish Stream' pipeline nor the $20 billion power plant will be suspended
Other industries wait for Russia's next move in the ongoing row.
Turkey denies Putin's claims that ISIS oil flows through its territory and plane was downed to protect supply