As the Syrian military retakes the city where a nationwide rebellion was sparked, Israel prepares to enforce the land it seized in 1967.
For the first time since beginning the project in late 2017, the International Crisis Group has listed "Critical" flashpoints in two separate Middle Eastern countries.
Assad also said that Russia does not dictate his government's actions.
The shifting dynamics of Syria's seven-year war have pitted the U.S. against NATO ally Turkey as well as Russia and Iran.
The Kurdish majority of the Pentagon-created Syrian Democratic Forces are leaving the U.S. battle against ISIS to fight a Turkish invasion.
China has joined Russia in backing Syria, partly because of the economic opportunities President Bashar al-Assad's victory offers.
North Korea and Syria have a history of working together against what they view as U.S. imperialism. In recent years, they've both seen success.
Former Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said the U.S. military "can't fix the problems in Afghanistan" and Russia "really holds the cards" in Syria.
As Kurdish forces attempt to defend their land from Turkey, Russia began the Sochi peace conference and its allies continued to gain ground.
One year after a vicious battle turned the tides of war for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, he and his Russian ally want the U.S. gone.
"It was all theater," said the U.S.-backed commander who has since switched his allegiance to Turkey.
The Pentagon said it would stay "as long as we need to," defying Syria, Russia and Iran, which see U.S. military presence as illegal.
"Everything is fine, just perfect. I congratulate the aircraft builders and I think we will deliver good news to the defense ministry," Putin said of the new TU-160M2.
"Lie in wait for them at every chance to ambush. The Levant is the graveyard of the Russians and Americans," reads text on a recent propaganda image.
Syria's war is almost over and experts say the U.S. has few options to counter what's been a major victory for Russia, Iran and President Bashar al-Assad.
As Russia consolidates its position in Syria and the Middle East as a whole, it's reaching out to rivals and selling them a coveted weapon, the S-400.
The 2,000-year-old Lion of al-Lat statue is a symbol of peace, but its restoration is only a reprieve from the death and destruction Palmyra has witnessed.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said "the necessary conditions have been created for putting an end to the fratricidal war in Syria."
Despite thousands of "spontaneous returns" by displaced Syrians, the United Nations doesn't think the country is safe yet.
Russia dismissed jokes by U.K. Defense Secretary Michael Fallon and called the new HMS Queen Elizabeth "a large, convenient naval target."
The U.S. and Russian militaries have found themselves increasingly at odds in the world.
President Donald Trump has changed course a number of times on Syria, but recent events pit him directly against Russia and Iran.
Kurdish militants are on the front lines of U.S.-led efforts to defeat the Islamic State militant group, but what happens when the battle's over?