Syrian air defenses are reportedly engaging missiles over the west coast city of Latakia.
Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan agreed to establish a demilitarized zone of 15 to 20 kilometers in Idlib.
The U.S. conducted a major live-fire exercise with Syrian rebel allies, while warning Russia and Iran not to support the government against insurgents in Idlib.
U.S. Special Ops photos featured a French military vehicle in Syria's Deir Ezzor, but they were quickly pulled from social media.
Russia and Iran want to press forward with a Syrian military offensive to retake the last rebel-held province of Idlib, but Turkey is pushing for a truce.
Russian media have worked to promote tensions between Turkey and NATO, encouraged Ankara to support Russian actions in Eurasia and the Middle East and influenced the country's internal political development to transform it into a "more compliant partner."
In a message purporting to be from that of ISIS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the elusive leader calls on jihadis to "persevere."
Turkey is on the brink of a social breaking point, but its president is still winning elections, experts told Newsweek.
U.S. sanctions on Turkey have effectively split U.S. policy in the region.
Qatar's Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani made the announcement Wednesday, saying the move was his way of standing by "brothers in Turkey."
Far from making a comeback, Syria's former Al-Qaeda affiliate awaits a devastating government offensive on the country's last rebel-held region.
Analysts warn that Turkey's feud with the United States could motivate Ankara to start looking for new friends, and Russia appears happy to fill in the gap.
France, Germany and Turkey have little leverage left as Russia seeks to secure international support.
The Russian government hit back on sanctions by taking Western cheese, fruit and foodstuffs, only to bulldozer them at the border.
On Wednesday, the White House announced it was imposing sanctions on Turkey for detaining pastor Andrew Brunson.
Tuncer Ciftci even attempts to headbutt the animal, who managed to dodge most of his punches.
America, as the planet's most powerful nation, can offer crucial help.
The Syrian Democratic Council, the political wing of U.S.-backed forces, called on others to support talks with Damascus.
"I have two hearts, one German and one Turkish."
Upstream Turkey controls the flow of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, and a new report details why it's creating tensions with Iraq and Syria.