The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and partners discovered the brig, Industry, at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico in February.
The NOAA video shows an anchor, ballast, bottles and a stove resting on the ocean floor.
Hal Whitehead, research professor at Dalhousie University, told Newsweek the whales learned to smash up the whaler boats as an act of self-defense.
"We don't know how many whales are in this group, but we suspect it's a lot by the enormous number of calls we hear," study author Tracey Rogers said.
"These ongoing and cruel persecutions of marine mammals are increasingly out of step with modern scientific thinking," said Mark Simmonds from Humane Society International.
The Humane Society International has condemned the "cruelty of Japan's whale hunt."
Activists say overfishing will have devastating consequences for the species.
Anonymous has been targeting Japanese and Icelandic websites over whaling.
Conservationists, and neighboring countries Australia and New Zealand, aren't happy with the decision.
Fin whales are considered endangered and illegal for most countries to transport.
Japanese whaling boats will return to the Antarctic next year despite international opposition, a government official announced Monday.