Two-Thirds of Afghanistan's Population is Too Young to Remember Life Under Taliban

Despite fears that the Taliban will again plunge Afghanistan into a more hostile place for women after the withdrawal of U.S. and NATO troops, reports show that most of the country's population is too young to recall life under the Islamist group's rule, the Associated Press reported.

Two-thirds of the Afghan population is 25 or younger, and while the nation remains one of the worst for women's rights, it is a far cry from the brutal 1990s-era Sharia law enforced by the Taliban. Women can now enjoy positions in Parliament, receive an education and own businesses in Afghanistan, basic rights that would have received harsh punishments years ago.

According to a report released Tuesday by the Director of U.S. National Intelligence, officials in the U.S. still warn that conditions for women could return to those hostile times, or that women could be forced to wear the burqa, once a symbol of Taliban control.

The Taliban has promised that women could continue to "serve their society in the education, business, health and social fields while maintaining correct Islamic hijab," or veil.

Still, the report expresses wariness of those promises to respect certain freedoms for women.

"The Taliban has seen minimal leadership turnover, maintains inflexible negotiating positions, and enforces strict social constraints in areas that it already controls," the report says. Any progress in women's rights "probably owes more to external pressure than domestic support, suggesting it would be at risk after coalition withdrawal."

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Troops
A U.S. flag is lowered as American and Afghan soldiers attend a handover ceremony from the U.S. Army to the Afghan National Army at Camp Anthonic, in Helmand province, southern Afghanistan, on May 2, 2021. Afghan Ministry of Defense Press Office via AP/Afghan Ministry of Defense Press Office via AP

U.S. intelligence agencies are warning that any gains in women's rights in Afghanistan made in the last two decades will be at risk after U.S. troops withdraw later this year.

The unclassified report says the Taliban remain "broadly consistent in its restrictive approach to women's rights and would roll back much of the past two decades' progress if the group regained national power."

It's the latest U.S. warning of the consequences of the Afghan withdrawal now underway, two decades after an American-led coalition toppled the Taliban.

General Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said Sunday that there would possibly be "some really dramatic, bad possible outcomes" for Afghan forces left on their own to counter the Taliban, but also noted, "We frankly don't know yet."

And CIA Director William Burns told Congress in April that the American ability "to collect and act on threats will diminish."

President Joe Biden has set a September deadline for U.S. forces to withdraw. While Biden and his top officials have stressed that they will not end their engagement with Afghanistan or advocacy for human rights, the U.S. has also openly warned of gains for the Taliban, which has been locked in an insurgency with coalition and Afghan forces and already controls swaths throughout the country.

It was only after the U.S.-led invasion toppled the group that had hosted Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaida network that democratic governance and respect for human rights in Afghanistan became a Western priority.

Technology and international pressure could improve the treatment of women under the Taliban, analysts found. Afghanistan has about 27 million cellphone accounts, about two-thirds of its estimated population, which could potentially increase the world's awareness of "extreme Taliban behavior," the report says. And in the aftermath of a two-decade fight, international attention on the Taliban's activities may be heightened.

"The Taliban's desires for foreign aid and legitimacy might marginally moderate its conduct over time," the report says. "However, in the early days of reestablishing its Emirate, the Taliban probably would focus on extending control on its own terms."

Secretary of State Antony Blinken has acknowledged that a Taliban takeover of the country is possible after the withdrawal. But he has also maintained that the group does not want to be a pariah and will have to embrace or at least tolerate the rights of women, girls and minorities if it wants to be viewed as legitimate by the international community.

The trouble with that, critics say, is that the Taliban have never shown interest in being accepted by the international community and spent much of its time in power in the 1990s and 2000-01 being shunned by every almost every nation on Earth.

Senator Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) said in a statement that she would work with the Biden administration "however I can to ensure every effort is made to safeguard the progress made and support our partners on the ground to secure a stable and inclusive transitional government."

Taliban
An Afghan policeman searches a man at a road checkpoint during the ongoing fighting between Afghan security forces and Taliban fighters on the outskirts of Lashkar Gah, the capital city of Helmand province, on May 5, 2021. American warplanes were backing Afghan forces against a major Taliban offensive as the U.S. military pressed on with a troop withdrawal, officials said on May 5. SIFATULLAH ZAHIDI/Getty Images