U.S. Air Strikes Target ISIS Militants in Libya

Libya ISIS Estimate Doubles to 6,500
An armed motorcade belonging to ISIS members drives along a road in Derna, eastern Libya, October 3, 2014. The U.S. launched air strikes against ISIS militants in Libya on Friday. Reuters/Stringer

Updated | U.S. warplanes carried out air strikes against Islamic State-linked militants in western Libya on Friday, killing as many as 40 people in an operation targeting a suspect linked to two deadly attacks in 2015 in neighboring Tunisia.

It was the second U.S. air strike in three months against the Islamic State group (ISIS) in Libya, where the hardline Islamist militants have exploited years of chaos following Muammar el-Qaddafi's 2011 overthrow to build up a presence on the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea.

The mayor of the Libyan city of Sabratha, Hussein al-Thwadi, told Reuters the planes struck at 3.30 a.m. (1.30 a.m. GMT), hitting a building in the city's Qasr Talil district, home to many foreign workers.

He said 41 people had been killed and six wounded. The death toll could not immediately be confirmed with other officials.

Photos released by the municipal authorities showed a massive crater in grey earth. Several wounded men lay bandaged in hospital.

The air strikes targeted a house in a residential district about 5 miles west of the centre, the municipal authorities said in a statement. The house had been rented to foreigners including Tunisians suspected of belonging to ISIS, and medium caliber weapons including machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades had been found in the rubble, the statement said.

Tunisian security sources have said they believe Tunisian ISIS fighters have been trained in camps near Sabratha, which is close to the Tunisian border.

A U.S. military officer said among those targeted in the air strikes was a senior Tunisian operative, Noureddine Chouchane, believed to be connected to the attacks in 2015 on a Tunis museum and the Sousse beach resort that killed dozens of tourists.

"We are assessing the results of the operation," said Col. Mark Cheadle, spokesman for the Pentagon's Africa Command.

The air strikes came just days after a warning by U.S. President Barack Obama that Washington intended to "take actions where we've got a clear operation and a clear target in mind. And we are working with our coalition partners to make sure that as we see opportunities to prevent ISIS from digging in, in Libya, we take them."

ISIS, ISIL and Daesh are acronyms for Islamic State, which runs a self-styled caliphate across swathes of Iraq and Syria. The United States has led a coalition conducting air strikes against the group since 2014.

Thwadi, the Sabratha mayor, said some Tunisians, a Jordanian and two women were among the dead, and several Tunisians who had recently arrived in Sabratha were among survivors. He gave no further details.

Since el-Qaddafi was overthrown five years ago by rebel forces backed by a campaign of NATO air strikes, Libya has slipped deeper into chaos with two rival governments each backed by competing factions of former rebel brigades.

A U.N.-backed government of national accord is trying to win support, but is still awaiting parliamentary approval. It is opposed by factional hardliners and has yet to establish itself in the capital Tripoli.

Meanwhile, ISIS has expanded, attacking oil ports and taking over el-Qaddafi's home city of Sirte, now the militant group's most important stronghold outside of its main redoubts in Syria and Iraq. Calls have increased for a swift Western response to stop the group establishing itself.

Western officials and diplomats have said air strikes and special forces operations are possible as well as an Italian-led "security stabilisation" plan of training and advising.

U.S. and European officials have in the past insisted Libyans must first form a united government and ask for help, but they also say they may still carry out unilateral action if needed.

In November 2015, the U.S. said it carried out an air strike on Derna, a town on the opposite side of Libya close to the Egyptian border, to target Abu Nabil, also known as Wissam Najm Abd Zayd al Zubaydi, an Iraqi commander in Islamic State.