U.S. Military Handed Sept. 15 Deadline to Get COVID Vaccine, Some Exceptions Allowed

U.S. troops are expected to be given a deadline of September 15 or sooner to get vaccinated against COVID-19, depending on whether infection rates continue to increase.

A memo obtained by the Associated Press says that the military services will have a few weeks to prepare, get a count for how many doses of the vaccine are needed and how they will institute the vaccine mandate.

"I will seek the president's approval to make the vaccines mandatory no later than mid-September, or immediately upon (licensure by the Food and Drug Administration), whichever comes first," Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin said in a memo to troops. "I will not hesitate to act sooner or recommend a different course to the President if l feel the need to do so."

Members of the military may, however, seek exemptions for any vaccine for reasons including health issues or religious beliefs. According to pre-existing regulations, individuals who experienced a severe adverse reaction to the vaccine, those who are pregnant or have other conditions can postpone their inoculation.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Defense Secretary Austin
Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin said he expects to have a mandate for COVID vaccines for the military by September 15 or sooner. Pictured, Austin (L), and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Mark Milley walk to greet U.S. Army Gen. Scott Miller, the former top U.S. commander in Afghanistan, upon his return on July 14, 2021 at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland. Alex Brandon/Pool/Getty Images

Austin's decision comes a bit more than a week after President Joe Biden told defense officials to develop a plan requiring troops to get shots as part of a broader campaign to increase vaccinations in the federal workforce. It reflects similar decisions by governments and companies around the world, as nations struggle with the highly contagious Delta variant that has sent new U.S. cases, hospitalizations and deaths surging to heights not see since the peaks last winter.

The additional time, however, also is a nod to the bitter political divisiveness over the vaccine and the knowledge that making it mandatory will likely trigger opposition from vaccine opponents across the state and federal governments, Congress and the American population.

It also provides time for the FDA to give final approval to the Pfizer vaccine, which is expected early next month. Without that formal FDA approval, Austin would need a waiver from Biden to make the shots mandatory.

Troops often live and work closely together in barracks and on ships, increasing the risks of rapid spreading. And any large outbreak of the virus in the military could affect America's ability to defend itself in any national security crisis.

The decision will add the COVID-19 vaccine to a list of other inoculations that service members are already required to get. Depending on their location around the world, service members can get as many as 17 different vaccines.

Austin's memo also said that in the meantime, the Pentagon will comply with Biden's order for additional restrictions on any federal personnel who have not been vaccinated. Those restrictions will include wearing masks, social distancing and travel limits.

According to the Pentagon, more than 1 million troops are fully vaccinated and another 237,000 have received one shot. But the military services vary widely in their vaccination rates.

The Navy said that more than 74 percent of all active duty and reserve sailors have been vaccinated with at least one shot. The Air Force, meanwhile, said that more than 65 percent of its active duty and 60 percent reserve forces are at least partially vaccinated, and the number for the Army — by far the largest service — appears to be closer to 50 percent.

Military officials have said the pace of vaccines has been growing across the force, with some units — such as sailors deploying on a warship — seeing nearly 100 percent of their members get shots. But the totals drop off dramatically, including among the National Guard and Reserve, who are much more difficult to track.

Some unvaccinated service members have suggested they'd get the shot once it's required, but others are flatly opposed. Military officials have said that once the vaccine is mandated, a refusal could constitute a failure to obey an order, and may be punishable under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.

Army guidance, for example, includes counseling soldiers to ensure they understand the purpose of the vaccine and the threat the disease poses. The Army also notes that if a soldier "fails to comply with a lawful order to receive a mandatory vaccine, and does not have an approved exemption, a commander may take appropriate disciplinary action."

Military service officials have said they don't collect data on the number of troops who have refused other mandated vaccines, such as anthrax, hepatitis, chicken pox or flu shots over the past decade or more. And they weren't able to provide details on the punishments any service members received as a result of the refusal.

Officials said they believe the number of troops refusing other mandated vaccines is small. And the discipline could vary.

Some have argued that those who have already had the virus — and have antibodies — are immune and thus should not have to get the shot. It's not clear how the military will act on those types of assertions.

According to defense officials, some senior military leaders have expressed support for making the vaccine mandatory believing it will help keep the force healthy. Military commanders have also struggled to separate vaccinated recruits from unvaccinated recruits during early portions of basic training across the services in order to prevent infections. So, for some, a mandate could make training and housing less complicated.

Navy officials said this week that there has been only one case of COVID-19 hospitalization among sailors and Marines who are fully vaccinated. In comparison, the Navy said there have been more than 123 hospitalizations "in a similarly sized group of unvaccinated sailors and Marines." It said fewer than 3% of its immunized troops have tested positive for COVID-19.

The other military services did not provide similar data.

Defense Secretary Austin Vaccine Mandate
Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin has said he is working expeditiously to make the COVID-19 vaccine mandatory for military personnel and is expected to ask Biden to waive a federal law that requires individuals be given a choice if the vaccine is not fully licensed. Pictured, Austin speaks at a press briefing at the Pentagon in Washington. Kevin Wolf, File/AP Photo