Watch: Uganda 2016 Elections Explained

Kizza Besigye supporters gesture in Uganda ahead of elections, where Besigye challenges Yoweri Museveni.
Supporters of Kizza Besigye, Uganda's main opposition presidential candidate, gesture during a rally in Masaka town, central Uganda, January 28, 2016. Besigye is challenging long-time leader Yoweri Museveni in February's elections. James Akena/Reuters

Uganda is going to the polls in February. The East African country, which had a troubled past under a military dictatorship and a five-year civil war in the 1980s, has experienced a period of relative stability under long-time ruler Yoweri Museveni.

Museveni has two main challengers in February's election: Kizza Besigye, the Forum for Democratic Change candidate, and Amama Mbabazi, who left Museveni's National Resistance Movement (NRM) in 2015 to campaign as an independent. Both opposition candidates have complained of harassment by Ugandan security forces, while human rights groups have accused the government of intimidation, excessive force and even torture. In this video, Newsweek considers the key figures in the presidential elections and what's at stake for Uganda.