Wildfire Warnings to Expand in Southern California as Alisal Fire Spans 24 Square Miles

Wildfire warnings could expand in Southern California as the Alisal Fire has grown to cover 24 square miles and a new round of dry winds expected to start Wednesday night could increase the blaze's threat, the Associated Press reported. The fire is burning in the Santa Ynez Mountains, located west of Santa Barbara, threatening more than 100 ranches, homes and other structures, fire officials said.

Containment of the Alisal Fire remained low at 5 percent on Wednesday, while the number of firefighters battling the blaze was nearly doubled to 1,300, the AP reported. Several evacuation orders and warnings have already been issued in the area, according to InciWeb, and even more could come if conditions worsen.

The southern portion of Santa Barbara County could see the development of dangerous Sundowner winds starting Wednesday night, while other parts of the fire-ravaged state could also contend with increased danger. Because the dry, downslope Santa Ana winds are also projected to develop, forecasters are expected to announce a fire weather watch on Friday in some parts of Southern California, according to the AP.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Southern California Wildfire
The raging Alisal Fire is continuing to threaten homes in Southern California as the blaze grows. Above, Santa Barbara County firefighters extinguish a roadside fire in Goleta, California, on October 13, 2021. Ringo H.W. Chiu/AP Photo

Fire crews were protecting Rancho del Cielo, which was once owned by Ronald and Nancy Reagan and was known as the Western White House during his presidency. The 688-acre (278-hectare) ranch where Reagan hosted world leaders sits atop the mountain range, above the flames feeding on dense chaparral and grasses.

Based on staff reports from the ranch, the fire was about a half-mile (0.8 kilometers) away late Wednesday morning, but that section of the blaze was not as active as others, said Jessica Jensen, vice president and chief of staff of the Young America's Foundation, which now operates the ranch.

"We are thankful that there has been no fire activity on the actual Reagan Ranch property. The Ranch, itself, is still in a very defensible position," Jensen said in an email to the AP.

The area hadn't burned since 1955, according to the conservative youth organization.

Fire engines were on the ranch property and fire retardant will be sprayed around its structures, the foundation said in a statement. It noted that helicopters have filled up with water from one of the ranch's two lakes.

"Young America's Foundation has emergency personnel on site, and our fire suppression systems are tested and ready to go," it said.

Crews also protected an Exxon/Mobil gas processing facility in a canyon surrounded by flames.

The fire erupted Monday near the Alisal Reservoir, and powerful winds from the north swept the flames down through the mountains, forcing the closure of U.S. 101 in western Santa Barbara County. At one point, the fire jumped the four-lane highway and reached a beach. The closure has forced motorists to take a circuitous detour on smaller routes.

The highway could remain shut until the weekend, said Andrew Madsen, a spokesman for the U.S. Forest Service.

Firefighters working in steep, rugged terrain got help from more than a dozen water-dropping air tankers and helicopters that returned to the skies amid calmer daytime winds, said Madsen.

"The aircraft are probably going to get shut down later this afternoon when the big winds return," he said.

Red flag warnings were expected to go into effect in the interior of Northern California on Thursday due to gusts and low humidity levels.

Pacific Gas & Electric said it would likely have to shut off electricity to targeted portions of 13 Northern California counties on Thursday to prevent wildfires from being ignited by wind damage to power lines. The utility just restored power to about 25,000 customers who had their electricity shut off due to Monday's windstorm.

California wildfires have scorched nearly 3,900 square miles (10,101 square kilometers) this year and destroyed more than 3,600 homes, businesses and other structures, according to the state Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

A historic drought in the American West tied to climate change is making wildfires harder to fight. It has killed millions of trees in California alone. Scientists say climate change has made the West much warmer and drier in the past 30 years and will continue to make weather more extreme and wildfires more frequent and destructive.

Alisal Fire Burns in Southern California
Wildfire warnings may expand in Southern California as the Alisal Fire has grown to cover 24 square miles. Above, a crew works to extinguish a fire in Goleta, California, on October 12, 2021. Mike Eliason/Santa Barbara County Fire Department via AP

Editor's Picks

Newsweek cover
  • Newsweek magazine delivered to your door
  • Unlimited access to Newsweek.com
  • Ad free Newsweek.com experience
  • iOS and Android app access
  • All newsletters + podcasts
Newsweek cover
  • Unlimited access to Newsweek.com
  • Ad free Newsweek.com experience
  • iOS and Android app access
  • All newsletters + podcasts