Alexei Navalny Calls Vladimir Putin 'the Emperor With No Clothes' in Court Hearing

Imprisoned Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny appeared in court by video on Thursday for an appeal of his conviction and fine for defaming a World War II veteran.

In his statement before the court, Navalny referred to President Vladimir Putin as "the emperor with no clothes" and said that Russia "continues to degrade every year" under his rule.

The judge rejected his appeal shortly after Navalny concluded his emotional speech.

This was Navalny's first public appearance since his transfer to a penal colony last month. It was clear that the activist had lost a lot of weight—his face was notably gaunt, his head was clean shaven, and he wore a prison uniform with glasses.

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Alexei Navalny Mural Painted Over
A worker paints over graffiti of jailed Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny in Saint Petersburg on April 28, 2021. Olga Maltseva/AFP/Getty Images

Navalny took an active part in the court hearing and spoke energetically despite his gaunt appearance. During a break, he asked his wife, Yulia, who was present at the hearing, to stand up so he could see her. He told her he's now eating several spoons of porridge each day—part of winding down his hunger strike.

"When we saw each other during visitation [in the colony], I weighed 2 kilograms more—it was 74 [163 pounds) and now it's 72 [159 pounds]," Navalny said.

"Seventy-two suits you better than 74," Yulia responded with a smile.

A top ally of Navalny's said Thursday that the network of the activist's offices in Russia is being closed as authorities seek to have it and Navalny's Foundation for Fighting Corruption outlawed as extremist groups.

The Moscow prosecutor's office petitioned a court this month to declare both the regional offices and Navalny's anti-corruption organization as extremist groups, a label that would outlaw their activities, expose members and supporters to lengthy prison terms and pose a major challenge for Navalny's embattled team.

Leonid Volkov, who as Navalny's top strategist runs the regional offices, said Thursday that preserving the network in its current state "is impossible" because of the extremism charges but rebranding them wouldn't help either.

"Unfortunately, it is impossible to work in these conditions. We're officially dismantling the network of Navalny's headquarters," Volkov said on the messaging app Telegram.

Volkov's statement comes amid a sweeping crackdown on Navalny, Putin's fiercest critic, and his organizations. Dozens of his aides and associates have been under arrest, targeted for raids by law enforcement or are facing criminal charges.

While imprisoned, Navalny said he developed severe back pain and numbness in his limbs, and he spent more than three weeks on a hunger strike to protest authorities refusing to allow his doctor see him. Instead, they moved him to another prison with a hospital ward.

Navalny's foundation and regional network are also subjects of legal proceedings. Earlier this week, the Moscow prosecutor's office issued an injunction ordering the offices to suspend their activities pending the court ruling on whether to declare them extremist groups, and a court in Moscow imposed restrictions on the Foundation for Fighting Corruption.

The foundation's director, Ivan Zhdanov, said the organization will continue to work despite the restrictions.

Navalny set up the network of offices in dozens of regions when he was campaigning to run against Putin in the 2018 presidential election. He eventually was barred from running but kept the infrastructure in place.

The regional "headquarters," as the team called them, began their own investigations of graft by local officials and recruited activists, some of whom later ran for public office themselves. The offices also were instrumental in organizing nationwide rallies in support of Navalny this year.

In his statement, Volkov assured supporters that Navalny's team wasn't giving up.

"The networks of Navalny's headquarters doesn't exist anymore, but there are dozens of strong and tough regional politicians, thousands of his supporters, there are strong and independent political organizations which will work on investigations and elections, public campaigns and rallies. You will help them, and they will succeed," Volkov said.

Navalny was arrested in January upon returning from Germany, where he spent five months recovering from a nerve agent poisoning that he blames on the Kremlin— accusations that Russian officials reject.

His arrest triggered protests across Russia that proved to be the biggest show of defiance in years. But they didn't stop authorities from putting Navalny on trial for violating the terms of a suspended sentence while he was in Germany.

The sentence stemmed from a 2014 embezzlement conviction that Navalny has characterized as politically motivated. He was ordered to serve two and a half years in prison and last month was transferred to a penal colony notorious for its harsh conditions.

Some of his top allies were slapped with criminal charges and placed under house arrest, and dozens of his associates in the regions were targeted with detentions and raids.

The case against Navalny's foundation and regional offices is scheduled to be heard by the Moscow City Court on May 17. It remains unclear what evidence authorities have against the organizations because some of the case files have been classified as secret.

Ivan Pavlov, the lawyer representing Navalny's organizations in court, said after a preliminary hearing Thursday that the defense team has filed a lawsuit to declassify the files. He said a motion also was filed to allow Navalny to participate in the court proceedings, "since his name is mentioned on every page of the lawsuit."

Pavlov also revealed that a criminal case has been launched against Navalny, Volkov and Zhdanov on charges of creating an organization that infringes on people's rights, a criminal offense punishable by up to four years in prison.