Arizona Governor Doug Ducey Proposes $1 Billion Desalination Project With Few Details

On Monday, Arizona's Republican Governor Doug Ducey proposed a $1 billion desalination project.

Ducey revealed a plan to remove salt from sea water to use in Arizona in his annual State of the State address at a joint session of the state's House and Senate, but the governor provided little detail regarding the project's specifics.

"Instead of just talking about desalination—the technology that made Israel the world's water superpower—how about we pave the way to make it actually happen?" said Ducey.

Ducey said he worked with state House Speaker Rusty Bowers and Senate President Karen Fann, both Republicans, on the plan. He didn't mention where the desalination plant would be constructed. However, water policy experts have discussed potentially using water from the Sea of Cortez in Mexico, the closest sea to Arizona.

Some environmentalists are against desalination due to its potential harm to sea creatures and the fact that it is energy intensive.

The western U.S. is currently experiencing a drought. There have been decreases to Arizona's allocation of Colorado River water, forcing some farmers to leave their fields uncultivated. More cuts are likely to happen in the future.

"The plan is comprehensive and it's broad, but all the details legally are going to need a lot of work," he said. "That's going to be our focus this year."

Doug Ducey, Desalination Project, Address
Arizona Governor Doug Ducey said in a speech on Monday that he worked with state House Speaker Rusty Bowers and Senate President Karen Fann, both Republicans, on a plan for a desalination project. In this photo, Ducey talks to reporters after meeting with President Donald Trump at the White House on April 3, 2019, in Washington, D.C. Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

Ducey enters his final year with Arizona seeing a big budget surplus, a major turnaround from his first speech to lawmakers in 2015 when he faced a $1 billion deficit. Lawmakers also set aside $200 million last year for future water infrastructure.

Even if lawmakers approve, the project would still be years in the making, but Bowers said Ducey and legislative leaders want to get started while the state has the money available.

Bowers is aiming even bigger than a desalination plant, mentioning other potential out-of-state water sources such as capturing Midwestern flood waters and saying he'll introduce a bill that could support spending "in the billions."

Ducey delivered his speech virtually last year as the state was in the midst of spiking coronavirus infections. This year, he celebrated a return to the traditional live delivery even as the Omicron variant is spreading rapidly.

He did not reveal any new plans to combat COVID-19 but repeated his admonition that schools will not close. He has resisted mask or vaccine mandates and restrictions on public gatherings, saying vaccination is the key to getting past the pandemic.

He said the state will create a summer school to help children catch up on math, reading and civics.

"There's been too much attention put on masks and not nearly enough placed on math—a focus on restrictions rather than reading and writing," Ducey said.

The political divide on using masks to slow the spread of the coronavirus was on display in the packed House chamber, with few Republicans wearing one and many Democrats donning them.

The governor also called on lawmakers to "expand school choice any way we can" and said lawmakers should ban the teaching of critical race theory, a college-level academic concept not taught in public schools. Lawmakers banned it last year in the budget, but the state Supreme Court found several budget bills unconstitutional, including the one with the ban. He said schools should be required to post "all curriculum and academic materials" online.

Ducey took aim at Democrats around the country, including President Joe Biden and his administration, over border security and the tax policies in liberal states like California. He called on Arizona's Democratic U.S. senators, Mark Kelly and Kyrsten Sinema, to demand that his border priorities be passed at the federal level.

Arizona House Minority Leader Reginald Bolding said the governor's water proposal "could be an area of promise" if he involves Democrats in discussions, but he said it would be difficult to get Democrats on board if they're not consulted.

At the state level, Ducey said he'll seek money to expand the state police unit focused on the border and drug trafficking along with sections of a state-funded border wall and tougher penalties for smugglers. He also said Arizona law enforcement officials will work with counterparts in Texas on border security.

He also proposed increasing the stipend paid to grandparents or other relatives who are caring for children who would otherwise be placed with a stranger in foster care. The state has historically paid much less to relatives than to unrelated caregivers.

Ducey took office in 2015 with a pledge to cut taxes every year and get income taxes as close to zero as possible. He has largely succeeded, culminating with his signing last year of a bill cutting taxes to 2.5% for everyone—a small cut for people with low incomes and a big boon for the wealthiest taxpayers.

That nearly $2 billion tax cut is on hold after critics collected enough signatures to give voters a chance to eliminate it later this year. To get around that, lawmakers are considering repealing it and replacing it with a new, potentially larger tax cut.

Ducey has declined to weigh in on that proposal but pledged Monday that "we will cut taxes."

The Associated Press contributed to this report.