Trump vs Biden Policies: Election Promises From Each Candidate

America has started its final day of voting to decide if Republican President Donald Trump or Democratic rival Joe Biden should be the next president.

After months of campaigning, debating, and laying out their promises and policies, Election Day has finally arrived.

Here is where both candidates stand and what they are pledging on six key policy issues:

Jobs and the Economy

President Trump has promised to revive the economy and set a goal of 10 million new jobs in 10 months, and one million new small businesses.

On top of the job-creation drive, Trump plans to give companies tax cuts and credits to persuade them to keep jobs in the U.S. instead of overseas.

Biden has outlined a slew of tax proposals, including plans to raise taxes for those who earn more than $400,000 annually and companies that offshore jobs.

The proposals also offer tax breaks for low and middle-income families in America during the pandemic and beyond.

The Democrat also plans to increase corporate taxes from 21 percent to 28 percent.

Coronavirus

To date, the U.S. has recorded more COVID-19 cases and deaths than any other country in the world.

Trump's key focus in response to the outbreak is to prioritize finding an effective vaccine in the coming months and fully opening up the American economy.

The Trump Administration has poured millions of dollars into developing a vaccine and launched a public–private partnership called "Operation Warp Speed" to accelerate its development, manufacturing, and distribution.

Meanwhile, Biden aims to focus on national test-and-trace across the country, seeking to provide regular free testing for American citizens to keep on top of the virus until a vaccine is developed.

Biden has pledged to double the number of drive-through testing sites, as well as invest in next-generation testing which included home tests and instant tests.

He also aims to implement mask mandates nationwide and has called on every governor to make masks mandatory in their state.

Health Care

Trump has vowed to replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA)—also known as Obamacare—with his own health plan.

As in his 2016 campaign, he has promised Americans quality health care at affordable prices and said he aims to reduce drug prices by allowing cheaper imports.

But he is yet to release a detailed plan for what would replace the ACA, which faces a Supreme Court challenge in November.

Biden, in comparison, has said that if he is re-elected that he would protect the Affordable Care Act and build on it by giving Americans more choice, reducing health care costs, and making the system less complex.

He also aims to implement a healthcare policy similar to Medicare—a federal program providing health insurance to the over-65s—for working-age citizens.

Education

The Republican president supports charter schools and school choice and aims to redirect traditional public school funding toward chart, private and religious alternatives.

Trump has also moved to influence curriculums so they provide what he has described as a "patriotic education" about America.

Biden has outlined plans to provide emergency funding for public schools and child care providers, and to raise the pay of educators.

He also wants the federal government to team up with states across the country to make public high education tuition-free for students in households earning up to $125,000 a year.

Climate Change

If Trump is re-elected he has promised to expand drilling for oil and gas.

Since winning the seat in the White House in 2016 he has rolled back on hundreds of environmental protections, including withdrawing the U.S. from the Paris Climate Agreement, an international agreement to cut emissions that set targets for signatories.

Biden's campaign has promised to ensure the U.S. achieves a 100% clean energy economy and reaches net-zero emissions by 2050.

He said he would rally the rest of the world to meet the threat of climate change, including recommitting the U.S. to the Paris Agreement.

Foreign Policy

Trump has promised to reduce the number of U.S. troops overseas.

He has repeatedly challenged the defense alliance NATO during his first term to push its members to increase their defense spending and be less reliant on the U.S.

The president is also set to continue his diplomatic policy of engagement, even with some American foes, such as North Korea.

Biden has pledged to repair strained relationships with traditional U.S. allies and to stand up to dictators.

If elected, he said he would prioritize re-establishing the foundations of NATO and "end forever wars" in Afghanistan and the Middle East.

While Trump is taking a hard line on Iran and withdrew from the nuclear deal, Biden would seek to bring the agreement back to life to curb Tehran's behavior.

Donald Trump
President Donald Trump on Monday as the U.S. presidential campaign draws to an end. The president has promised to revive the economy by creating 10 million new jobs in 10 months, and one million new small businesses if re-elected. Brendan Smialowski/AFP via Getty Images