How Do I Register to Vote? Online Voter Registration in Every State

Tuesday marks the annual National Voter Registration Day, which comes this year amid changing electoral laws in some parts of the U.S.

The event—which falls on the fourth Tuesday of September each year—is designed as a celebration of democracy and encourages Americans to make sure they are eligible to vote and engage with the political process.

Important elections are just weeks away, with midterms due to be held on Tuesday, November 8. All 435 seats in the House of Representatives will be up for grabs, along with 34 of the 100 seats in the Senate.

Primary day in MO
Voters leave their local polling station after voting in the Missouri Primary Election at the National WWI Museum and Memorial on August 02, 2022 in Kansas City, Missouri. This year, voters in several states will face new rules about who exactly can participate. Kyle Rivas/Getty Images

Voters will decide which candidates fill the vacancies. Mid-terms are so-called because they take place during the middle of a President's four-year term in office.

This year, voters in several states will face new rules about who exactly can participate, when, and how.

Renewed focus on electoral laws were sparked following former President Donald Trump's false claims that the 2020 election was "stolen" from him using fraudulent postal ballots when President Joe Biden won office.

How to Register Online

In the U.S., every state except one requires to citizens to register in order to cast a vote. North Dakota is the only state that does not mandate registration, although eligible voters must show ID in order to cast their ballot.

States have different rules regarding registration requirements and whether voters can sign up online. To check your state's requirements and to fill out the form online if you live in an eligible state, visit: https://vote.gov/.

Scroll down to find out whether voters can register online in your state and to see exactly how you can vote there. (Washington, D.C. is also included in the list.)

Other Ways to Register

Other ways to register include signing up at a municipal clerk's office or by mail with a relevant state form, which are available in English and Spanish and can be found on the U.S. Election Assistance Commission's website: https://www.eac.gov/.

Voting Methods

Some 35 states, plus Washington D.C., allow voters to mail-in their ballots, although some require a special excuse for doing so.

Another option for voters are ballot drop boxes, which allow Americans to submit a signed, sealed vote in some states. This method of voting became more widespread during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Voting Practices by State

ALABAMA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: No

Voter ID: Requested

ALASKA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

ARIZONA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

ARKANSAS

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

CALIFORNIA

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: All-mail elections, in-person optional

Voter ID: Not required

COLORADO

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

CONNECTICUT

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: No

Voter ID: Requested

DELAWARE

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

FLORIDA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

GEORGIA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

HAWAII

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: All-mail elections, in-person optional

Voter ID: Requested

IDAHO

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

ILLINOIS

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

INDIANA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

IOWA

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

KANSAS

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

KENTUCKY

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

LOUISIANA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

MAINE

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

MARYLAND

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

MASSACHUSETTS

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-personal early voting

Voter ID: Not required

MICHIGAN

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

MINNESOTA

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

MISSISSIPPI

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: No

Voter ID: Required

MISSOURI

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

MONTANA

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

NEBRASKA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

NEVADA

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: All-mail elections, in-person optional

Voter ID: Not required

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: No

Voter ID: Requested

NEW JERSEY

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

NEW MEXICO

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

NEW YORK

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

NORTH CAROLINA

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

NORTH DAKOTA

Allows same-day registration: No registration required

Online registration available: No registration required

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

OHIO

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

OKLAHOMA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

OREGON

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: No in-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

PENNSYLVANIA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

RHODE ISLAND

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

SOUTH CAROLINA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

SOUTH DAKOTA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

TENNESSEE

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

TEXAS

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

UTAH

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: All-mail elections, in-person optional

Voter ID: Required

VERMONT

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: All-mail elections, in-person optional

Voter ID: Not required

VIRGINIA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Requested

WASHINGTON

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: All-mail elections, in-person optional

Voter ID: Requested

WASHINGTON D.C.

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Not required

WEST VIRGINIA

Allows same-day registration: No

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: Yes

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

WISCONSIN

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: Yes

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: No

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required

WYOMING

Allows same-day registration: Yes

Online registration available: No

Requires an excuse to vote by mail: No

Ballot drop boxes offered: Yes

Early voting: In-person early voting

Voter ID: Required