When is Roe v. Wade Decision? Supreme Court Ruling Expected on These Days

The nation is eagerly awaiting the Supreme Court's opinion in a Mississippi abortion case that could overturn Roe v. Wade, but when exactly the decision will come is not yet clear.

The ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization is expected before the high court recesses for the summer in late June. The case that could overturn the court's landmark 1973 ruling in Roe, which legalized abortion nationwide, involves a dispute over a Mississippi law that would ban most abortions after the 15th week of pregnancy.

Abortion rights activists have been bracing for Roe's fall after a leaked draft opinion published by Politico in May showed a conservative majority of justices appeared ready to use the case to undo almost five decades of precedent.

The court releases opinions on days that have been announced in advance, but the opinions to be released are not revealed ahead of time. The decision in Dobbs could come as early as Tuesday—one of two days left in June when the court has announced it will issue opinions, according to its calendar.

If it doesn't come then, it could come on Thursday—another day that has been designated as a day the court will release opinions.

But the ruling could also come at another time if additional days are designated "opinion issuance" days before the summer recess.

"Roe was egregiously wrong from the start," Justice Samuel Alito wrote in the draft opinion that was written and circulated in February.

Chief Justice John Roberts later confirmed the authenticity of the opinion but stressed that the draft may not be the court's final decision.

If the court does indeed overturn Roe, the legal status of abortion would be left for individual states to decide.

Researchers say that without Roe, abortion will probably become illegal in about half of the country, primarily in Southern and Midwestern states.

Last week, Vice President Kamala Harris hosted a roundtable with experts to discuss the implications of the court possibly striking down Roe.

When is Roe v. Wade Decision?
In this combination image, Anti-abortion activists (L) are seen outside of the US Supreme Court in Washington, DC and Pro-choice activists are seen outside of the US Supreme Court in Washington, DC, on June 15, 2022. Getty

Ahead of the discussion, Harris warned that the court's decision in the case could lead to other rights being challenged.

"I do believe that overturning Roe could clear the way for challenges to other fundamental rights, including the right to use contraception and—and same-sex marriage," she told reporters.

"And I think it's a very important point to make that many of the states that have passed trigger ban laws are also the states that are passing laws to restrict trans rights, gay rights, and the freedom to vote."