How Iran's Zolfaghar, Fateh-110 Missiles Compare to U.S.-Supplied HIMARS

Russia, continuing to face setbacks in its war in Ukraine, is set to receive a new weapons package from Iran aimed at boosting its military nearly eight months after the invasion began.

Iran, which has emerged as one of Russia's global allies as the Kremlin found itself increasingly estranged from much of Europe and the West due to the invasion's backlash, is set to provide Moscow's military with new drones and missiles that could compete with U.S.-provided M142-HIMARS, Reuters reported on Tuesday.

The missiles could replenish Russian military equipment weeks after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered a partial mobilization of troops. Ukraine has claimed to have destroyed large amounts of Russian equipment, including more than 2,500 tanks and 300 cruise missiles, although the numbers could not be independently verified.

The deal also comes as Ukraine reported that Iranian drones have been used in the war. An Iranian security official told Reuters: "[Russia] wanted to buy hundreds of our missiles, even mid-range ones, but we told them that we can ship soon a few hundred of their demanded Zolfaghar and Fateh-110 short-range, surface-to-surface missiles."

How Iranian missiles compare to HIMARS
A Zolfaghar missile in Tehran, Iran, on January 7, 2022. Iran is set to send the missiles to Russia as part of a new military aid package as Moscow struggles to achieve its goals in Ukraine. AFP via Getty Images

The official added that the missiles will be shipped "soon," Reuters reported.

Here is how Iran's Zolfaghar and Fateh-110 missiles compare to M142 HIMARS, a rocket system provided to Ukraine from the U.S. that has been touted as a game changer in the war.

Iranian Missiles Have Longer Range

Longer range is perhaps the greatest advantage Iranian missiles have over HIMARS.

The U.S. has given Ukraine HIMARS capable of firing targets from up to about 50 miles away. The U.S. has faced pressure from Ukrainian leaders to provide longer-range missiles, but the Biden administration has been hesitant to do so. Russia, meanwhile, has said that the U.S. providing Ukraine longer-range missiles would cross a red line.

But Russia is set to receive missiles from Iran capable of traveling hundreds of miles. The Fateh-110 is capable of striking targets from about 186 miles away, while the Zolfaghar can hit targets from 435 miles, according to Reuters.

HIMARS Boast One-Meter Accuracy

However, HIMARS might outperform Iranian missiles in terms of accuracy when striking a target. HIMARS are able to strike a target with up to one meter of accuracy, the Marines have said. HIMARS' accuracy has allowed the missiles to destroy key Russian targets, including bridge crossings, ammunition depots and command posts.

The Fateh-110 missile hits targets with a range of five to 10 meters, according to Military Today. The Zolfaghar missile has also been reported to have an accuracy of about 10 miles, according to the Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance.

The deal comes as Russia has struggled to achieve notable goals in Ukraine. Despite having a large number of soldiers, the invasion revealed weaknesses in Putin's troops. Moscow has struggled to recruit and retain experienced, motivated troops. Military leaders in Russia are facing pressure back home, adding to concerns that Putin could turn to the use of nuclear weapons if his military faced defeat in Ukraine.

The Department of Defense announced last week an additional $725 million in new military aid for Ukraine, including additional ammunition for the powerful rocket systems.

The Biden administration is facing some pressure to provide Ukraine with Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS), but the Pentagon has said Ukraine does not "currently require ATACMS to service targets that are directly relevant to the current fight."

Newsweek reached out to the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for comment.