Joe Biden's First Executive Orders—Full List of What New President Has Signed

President Joe Biden wasted no time using his executive powers to begin shaping his agenda moving forward and commence reversing the actions of his predecessor, Donald Trump.

Following his inauguration, he signed a raft of executive orders while directing other actions, looking to shift the nation's course.

Below, Newsweek looks at what executive orders Biden signed on day one of his presidency.

Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government

Biden signed an executive order calling for the federal government to "pursue a comprehensive approach to advancing equity for all, including people of color and others who have been historically underserved, marginalized, and adversely affected by persistent poverty and inequality."

"Affirmatively advancing equity, civil rights, racial justice, and equal opportunity is the responsibility of the whole of our Government," the order states.

"Because advancing equity requires a systematic approach to embedding fairness in decision-making processes, executive departments and agencies (agencies) must recognize and work to redress inequities in their policies and programs that serve as barriers to equal opportunity."

This orders for there to be work to identify methods to assess equity, each federal agency to undergo an equity assessment and the allocation of resources to "advance fairness and opportunity."

It also reversed Trump's ban on federally funded diversity training highlighting the concept of white privilege.

Protecting the Federal Workforce and Requiring Mask-Wearing

As part of Biden's actions to confront the COVID-19 crisis, he has ordered masks be worn on Federal property.

The order states: "To protect the Federal workforce and individuals interacting with the Federal workforce, and to ensure the continuity of Government services and activities, on-duty or on-site Federal employees, on-site Federal contractors, and other individuals in Federal buildings and on Federal lands should all wear masks, maintain physical distance, and adhere to other public health measures, as provided in CDC guidelines."

Organizing and Mobilizing to Combat COVID-19

Another order focuses on the desire to "act swiftly and aggressively to combat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)."

It is titled "Organizing and Mobilizing the United States Government to Provide a Unified and Effective Response to Combat COVID-19 and to Provide United States Leadership on Global Health and Security."

It establishes the positions of coordinator of the COVID-19 response and counselor to the president and deputy coordinator of the COVID-19 response within the Executive Office of the President.

They will be responsible for coordinating federal efforts linked to points such as vaccine distribution and testing.

It is also ordered that heads of agencies must report any "obstacle to the COVID-19 response" to their attention as soon as possible, for them to then coordinate responses to.

The order also accounts for preparedness for potential future biological and pandemic threats.

The Revision of Civil Immigration Enforcement Policies and Priorities

This order revoked an earlier executive order issued by Donald Trump. That order, 13768 also named Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States, made it so sanctuary cities and jurisdictions that did not comply with immigration enforcement measures had certain federal funding withdrawn.

"The policy of my Administration is to protect national and border security, address the humanitarian challenges at the southern border, and ensure public health and safety. We must also adhere to due process of law as we safeguard the dignity and well-being of all families and communities," the order states.

"My Administration will reset the policies and practices for enforcing civil immigration laws to align enforcement with these values and priorities."

Revocation of Certain Executive Orders Concerning Federal Regulation

This order also looked to reverse Trump's actions, ending six of his orders.

"It is the policy of my Administration to use available tools to confront the urgent challenges facing the Nation, including the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, economic recovery, racial justice, and climate change. To tackle these challenges effectively, executive departments and agencies (agencies) must be equipped with the flexibility to use robust regulatory action to address national priorities," it read.

"This order revokes harmful policies and directives that threaten to frustrate the Federal Government's ability to confront these problems, and empowers agencies to use appropriate regulatory tools to achieve these goals," it read.

This included revoking Executive Order 13771, which required any executive department or agency announcing a new regulation to also propose the repeal of two regulations in return.

Ensuring a Lawful and Accurate Enumeration and Apportionment Pursuant to the Decennial Census

This order again looks to reject stances taken by Trump and ensure all of those living in the U.S. are represented in the House of Representatives.

It aims to ensure that the population of each state "for purposes of congressional representation" is determined "without regard to whether its residents are in lawful immigration status."

This reverses Trump's previous memorandum of July 2021, Excluding Illegal Aliens From the Apportionment Base Following the 2020 Census.

Protecting Public Health and the Environment and Restoring Science to Tackle the Climate Crisis

This orders a review of all action taken by the last administration that might conflict with Biden's climate objectives.

It revokes a raft of climate-related executive orders made by the president.

"Our Nation has an abiding commitment to empower our workers and communities; promote and protect our public health and the environment; and conserve our national treasures and monuments, places that secure our national memory," the order states.

Preventing and Combating Discrimination on the Basis of Gender Identity or Sexual Orientation

"Every person should be treated with respect and dignity and should be able to live without fear, no matter who they are or whom they love," this order states.

"It is the policy of my Administration to prevent and combat discrimination on the basis of gender identity or sexual orientation."

The order sets out reviews for agencies to ensure they fully cooperate with Title VII of the Civil Rights Act 1964 and other laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender identity or sexual orientation.

Ethic Commitments by Executive Branch Personnel

This order makes it so each appointee to every executive agency from January 20 onwards must sign an ethics pledge.

This states: "I commit to decision-making on the merits and exclusively in the public interest, without regard to private gain or personal benefit.

"I commit to conduct that upholds the independence of law enforcement and precludes improper interference with investigative or prosecutorial decisions of the Department of Justice.

"I commit to ethical choices of post-Government employment that do not raise the appearance that I have used my Government service for private gain, including by using confidential information acquired and relationships established for the benefit of future clients."

Newsweek has contacted the White House for comment on further executive orders.

joe biden prepares to sign executive orders
President Joe Biden prepares to sign a series of executive orders at the Resolute Desk in the Oval Office just hours after his inauguration on January 20, 2021 in Washington, D.C. Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

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